Rush University Banner Rush University Rush University Medical Center Contact Us
Rush University Banner
Search

College of Health Sciences > Religion, Health & Human Values Home > Research in Religion, Health & Human Values > Areas of Research
About Rush University

Our research is focused in the following areas:

Religious and Spiritual Coping with Illness Many patients turn to religious or spiritual beliefs and practices for consolation and assistance in response to a crisis. Some individuals are able to find the solace and support they seek in their faith, but others are not, and a time of religious/spiritual struggle may follow. In many cases this period of religious/spiritual struggle is brief; however, there are some for whom the struggle endures. Our research seeks to improve our understanding of religious coping with illness, both its positive and negative elements, in order to inform spiritual interventions by chaplains and other health care providers.
 

Race/Ethnicity Related to Religion and Spirituality There are racial/ethnic differences in religion and spirituality. We seek to understand how these differences influence the relationship between religion/spirituality and health.

Religion, Spirituality, and Wellness There is growing evidence that religion/spirituality can be a protective factor against disease. We are also engaged in research in this area.

Health Care Chaplaincy and Clinical Pastoral Education Our research examines the work of health care chaplains. We have developed and tested curricula designed to help health care chaplains become research literate. We have also examined Clinical Pastoral Education programs, including evidence leading to their effectiveness.

Spiritual Assessment Our department has long been recognized, nationally and internationally, as a leader in the explicit assessment of spiritual needs and resources. We have played a leading role in developing models for spiritual screening and spiritual assessment.

Measurement of Religion and Spirituality Research about the relationship between religion/spirituality and health depends on good measures of religion and spirituality. Our research includes psychometric studies of several of the key instruments used in measuring religion/spirituality.

Other Some of our research investigates factors that may influence health beyond religion and spirituality.


 

Religious and Spiritual Coping with Illness

Cancer 
 
Canada AL, Fitchett G, Murphy PE, Stein K, Portier K, Crammer C, Peterman AH (2012). Racial/ethnic differences in spiritual well-being among cancer survivors. Journal of Behavioral Medicine,2012 Jul 3. [Epub ahead of print].
 
Fitchett, G., & Canada, A. L. (2010). The role of religion/spirituality in coping with cancer: Evidence, assessment, and intervention. In J. C. Holland, W. S. Breitbart, P. B. Jacobson, M. S. Lederberg, M. J. Loscalzo, & R McCorkle (Eds.) Psycho-Oncology, 2nd edition (pp. 440-446). New York: Oxford University Press.

Murphy, P. E., Canada, A., Fitchett, G., Stein, K., Portier, K., Crammer, C., & Peterman, A. H. (2010). An examination of the three factor model and structural invariance across racial/ethnic groups for the FACIT-Sp: A report from the American Cancer Society's Study of Cancer Survivors-II (SCS-II). Psycho-Oncology, 19: 264-272.

Canada, A. L., Murphy, P. E., Fitchett, G., Peterman, A. H., & Schover, L. R. (2008). A 3-factor model for the FACIT-Sp. Psycho-Oncology, 17, 908-916.

Daugherty, C. K., Fitchett, G., Murphy, P. E., Peterman, A. H., Banik, D. M., Hlubocky, F., & Tartaro, J. (2005). Trusting God and medicine: Spirituality in advanced cancer patients volunteering for clinical trials of experimental agents. Psycho-Oncology 14, 135-146.

Peterman, A. H., Fitchett, G., Brady, M. J., Hernandez, L., & Cella, D. (2002). Measuring spiritual well-being in people with cancer: The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp). Annals of Behavioral Medicine 24, 49-58.

Brady, M. J., Peterman, A. H., Fitchett, G., Mo, M., & Cella, D. (1999). A case for including spirituality in quality of life measurement in oncology. Psycho-Oncology 8, 417-428.

Fitchett, G. & Handzo, G. F. (1998). Spiritual assessment, screening, and intervention. In J.C. Holland et al. (Eds), Psycho-Oncology. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 790-808.

Chronic Illness

Murphy, P. E., Fitchett, G., Canada, A. L. (2008). Adult spirituality for persons with chronic illness. In V.B. Carson & H. G. Koenig (Eds). Spiritual Dimensions of Nursing Practice, Revised Edition. Templeton Foundation Press: West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, pp. 193-235.

Medical Rehabilitation

Fitchett, G., Rybarczyk, B. D., DeMarco, G. A., & Nicholas, J. J. (1999). The role of religion in medical rehabilitation outcomes: A longitudinal study. Rehabilitation Psychology, 44, 333-353.

Mental Illness

Murphy, P. E., & Fitchett, G. (2009). Belief in a concerned God predicts response to treatment for adults with clinical depression. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 1000-1007. (ACPE Research Network, Article-of-the-Month, September, 2009).

Murphy, P. E., Ciarrocchi, J. W., Piedmont, R. L., Cheston, S., Peyrot, M., & Fitchett, G. (2000). The relation of religious beliefs and practices, depression, and hopelessness in persons with clinical depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 1102-1106.

Scott, E. L., Agresti, A. A., & Fitchett, G. (1998). Factor analysis of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale and its clinical utility with psychiatric inpatients. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 314-321.

Fitchett, G., Burton, L. A., & Sivan, A. B. (1997). The religious needs and resources of psychiatric in-patients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 185, 320-326.

Sivan, A. B., Fitchett, G. A., & Burton, L. A. (1996). Hospitalized psychiatric and medical patients and the clergy. Journal of Religion and Health, 35(1), 11-19.

Palliative Care
 
Lyndes, K. A.,Fitchett, G., Berlinger, N., Cadge, W., Misasi, J., & Flanagan, E. (2012). A survey of chaplains’ roles in pediatric palliative care: integral members of the team. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy. 18(1-2):74-93. DOI:10.1080/08854726.2012.667332

Fitchett, G., Lyndes, K. A., Cadge, W., Berlinger, N., Flanagan, E., & Misasi, J. (2011). The role of professional chaplains on pediatric palliative care teams: perspectives from physicians and chaplains. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 14(6):704-707. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2010.0523

Religious/Spiritual Struggle

Fitchett, G. & Risk, J. L. (2009). Screening for spiritual struggle. Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling, 63 (1,2). Available online at http://journals.sfu.ca/jpcp/index.php/jpcp/article/view/71/57.

Fitchett, G., Murphy, P. E., Kim, J., Gibbons, J. L., Cameron, J. R., & Davis, J. A. (2004). Religious struggle: Prevalence, correlates and mental health risks in diabetic, congestive heart failure, and oncology patients. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 34, 179-196.

Bradshaw, A., & Fitchett, G. (2003). God, why did this happen to me?: Three perspectives on theodicy. Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling 57, 179-189.

Fitchett, G., Rybarczyk, B. D., DeMarco, G. A., & Nicholas, J. J. (1999). The role of religion in medical rehabilitation outcomes: A longitudinal study. Rehabilitation Psychology 44, 333-353.

Fitchett, G. (1999). Screening for spiritual risk. Chaplaincy Today, 15(1): 2-12.

Fitchett, G. (1999). Selected resources for screening for spiritual risk. Chaplaincy Today, 15 (1):13-26.

(back to top)
 

Race/Ethnicity Related to Religion and Spirituality

Canada AL, Fitchett G, Murphy PE, Stein K, Portier K, Crammer C, Peterman AH (2012). Racial/ethnic differences in spiritual well-being among cancer survivors. Journal of Behavioral Medicine,2012 Jul 3. [Epub ahead of print].

Murphy, P. E., Canada, A., Fitchett, G., Stein, K., Portier, K., Crammer, C., & Peterman, A. H. (2010). An examination of the three factor model and structural invariance across racial/ethnic groups for the FACIT-Sp: A report from the American Cancer Society's Study of Cancer Survivors-II (SCS-II). Psycho-Oncology, 19: 264-272.

Fitchett, G., Murphy, P. E., Kravitz, H. M., Everson-Rose, S. A., Krause, N. M., & Powell, L. H. (2007). Racial/Ethnic differences in religious involvement in a multi-ethnic cohort of midlife women. Journal for the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion 46, 119-132.

(back to top)
 

Religion, Spirituality, and Wellness

Aging

Schnall E, Kalkstein S, Fitchett G, Salmoirago-Blotcher E, Ockene J, Tindle HA, Thomas A, Hunt JR, Wassertheil-Smoller S. (2012). Psychological and social characteristics associated with religiosity in Women's Health Initiative participants. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(1):20-31. DOI 10.1007/s10943-011-9549-6

Salmoirago-Blotcher, E., Fitchett, G., Ockene, J. K., Schnall. E., Crawford, S., Granek, I., Manson, J., Ockene, I., O'Sullivan, M. J., Powell, L., & Rapp, S. (2011). Religion and healthy lifestyle behaviors among postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 34(5): 360-371.

Skarupski, K. A., Fitchett, G., Evans, D.A., & Mendes de Leon, C. F. (2010). Daily spiritual experiences in a biracial, community-based population of older adults. Aging and Mental Health 14(7), 779-789.

Cardiovascular Disease and Hypertension

Feinstein, M., Liu, K., Ning, H., Fitchett, G., Lloyd-Jones, DM (2012). Incidence of cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical cardiovascular disease between young adulthood and middle age across levels of religious involvement: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Preventive Medicine, 54(2):117-21.

Feinstein, M., Liu, K., Ning, H., Fitchett, G., & Lloyd-Jones, D. M. (2010). Burden of cardiovascular risk factors, subclinical atherosclerosis, and incident cardiovascular events across dimensions of religiosity: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Circulation, 121(5), 659-66.

Fitchett G., & Powell, L. H. (2009). Daily spiritual experiences, systolic blood pressure and hypertension among midlife women in SWAN. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 37 (3), 257-267. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-009-911-y

(back to top)
 

Health Care Chaplaincy

Fitchett, G., Tartaglia, A., Dodd-McCue, D., & Murphy, P. (2012). Educating chaplains for research literacy: results of a national survey of Clinical Pastoral Education residency programs. Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling. [Online] 66 (1), 3, 1-12. (ACPE Research Network, Article-of-the-Month, April, 2012).
 
Fitchett, G., Grossoehme, D. (2012). Health care chaplaincy as a research-informed profession. In S Roberts (Ed.), Professional spiritual and pastoral Care: a practical clergy and chaplain’s handbook (pp. 387-406). Woodstock, VY: SkyLight Paths Publishing.

Lyndes, K. A.,Fitchett, G., Berlinger, N., Cadge, W., Misasi, J., & Flanagan, E. (2012). A survey of chaplains’ roles in pediatric palliative care: integral members of the team. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy. 18(1-2):74-93. DOI:10.1080/08854726.2012.667332

Fitchett, G., Lyndes, K. A., Cadge, W., Berlinger, N., Flanagan, E., & Misasi, J. (2011). The role of professional chaplains on pediatric palliative care teams: perspectives from physicians and chaplains. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 14(6):704-707. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2010.0523

Fitchett, G. (2011). Making our case(s). Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 17(1-2): 3-18. DOI: 10.1080/08854726.2011.559829
 
McCurdy. D.B., & Fitchett, G. (2011). Ethical issues in case study publication: “Making our case(s)” ethically. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 17(1-2): 55-74.DOI:10.1080/08854726.2011.559855.
 
Murphy, P. E., & Fitchett, G. (2010). Introducing chaplains to research: “This could help me.” Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 16(3-4), 79-94. (ACPE Research Network, Article-of-the-Month, November, 2010).
 
Fitchett, G., King, S. D. W., & Vandenheck, A. (2010). Education of chaplains in psycho-oncology. In J. C. Holland, W. S. Breitbart, P. B. Jacobson, M. S. Lederberg, M. J. Loscalzo, & R. McCorkle (Eds.), Psycho-Oncology, 2nd edition (pp. 605-609). New York: Oxford University Press.
 
Fitchett. G. (2009). Building our case with cases, Jewish Spiritual Care Journal, 9(1), 5-10.

Fitchett, G., Rasinski, K., Cadge, W., Curlin, F. A. (2009). Physicians' experience and satisfaction with chaplains: A national survey. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169, 1808-1810.

Lyndes, K. A., Fitchett, G., Thomason, C. L., Berlinger, N., & Jacobs, M. R. (2008). Chaplains and quality improvement: Can we make our case by improving our care? Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 15, 65-79.

Fitchett, G. (2003). Health care chaplaincy as a research-informed profession: How we get there. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 12(1&2), 67-72.

Fitchett G, Bradshaw A. K., & Gibbons, G. D. (2003). Chaplains and research: "I feel a little excited." Ministry, Society, and Theology, 17(1&2), 90-104.

Fitchett, G., Meyer, P., & Burton, L. A. (2000). Spiritual care: Who requests It? Who needs it? Journal of Pastoral Care, 54, 173-186.

Fitchett, G. (1993). Hospital memorial services: Who attends? The Caregiver Journal, 10(2), 8-44.

Emblen, J. Q., Fitchett, G., Farran, C. J., & Burck, J. R. (1992). Identifying parameters of spiritual need. The Caregiver Journal 8(2), 44-50.

Fitchett, G. (1991). The medical captivity of religion and health. Journal of Pastoral Care, 45, 280-287.

Clinical Pastoral Education
 
Fitchett, G., Tartaglia, A., Dodd-McCue, D., & Murphy, P. (2012). Educating chaplains for research literacy: results of a national survey of Clinical Pastoral Education residency programs. Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling. [Online] 66 (1), 3, 1-12. (ACPE Research Network, Article-of-the-Month, April, 2012).

Fitchett, G., & Johnson, M. (2001). Intimate sexual contact in the CPE supervisor-student relationship. Journal of Supervision and Training in Ministry, 21, 90-112.

Bergstrom, S. H., Guilbeault, P. L., & Fitchett, G. (1997). Factors affecting choice of a CPE center. Journal of Supervision and Training in Ministry, 17, 112-121.

Fitchett, G., & Gray, G. T. (1994). Evaluating the outcome of Clinical Pastoral Education: A test of the Clinical Ministry Assessment Profile. Journal of Supervision and Training in Ministry,15, 3-22.

(back to top)
 
Spiritual Assessment

Fitchett, G. (forthcoming 2012). Next steps for spiritual assessment in health care. In M. Cobb, C. Puchalski, & B. Rumbold (Eds.), Oxford textbook of spirituality in healthcare. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Fitchett, G., & Canada, A. L. (2010). The role of religion/spirituality in coping with cancer: Evidence, assessment, and intervention. In J. C. Holland, W. S. Breitbart, P. B. Jacobson, M. S. Lederberg, M. J. Loscalzo, & R McCorkle (Eds.) Psycho-Oncology, 2nd edition (pp. 440-446). New York: Oxford University Press.

Fitchett, G. & Handzo, G. F. (1998). Spiritual assessment, screening, and intervention. In J.C. Holland et al. (Eds), Psycho-Oncology. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 790-808.

 

(back to top)
  

Measurement of Religion and Spirituality

Murphy, P. E., Canada, A., Fitchett, G., Stein, K., Portier, K., Crammer, C., & Peterman, A. H. (2010). An examination of the three factor model and structural invariance across racial/ethnic groups for the FACIT-Sp: A report from the American Cancer Society's Study of Cancer Survivors-II (SCS-II). Psycho-Oncology, 19: 264-272.

Canada, A. L., Murphy, P. E., Fitchett, G., Peterman, A. H., & Schover, L. R. (2008). A 3-factor model for the FACIT-Sp. Psycho-Oncology, 17, 908-916.

Peterman, A. H., Fitchett, G., Brady, M. J., Hernandez, L., & Cella, D. (2002). Measuring spiritual well-being in people with cancer: The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp). Annals of Behavioral Medicine 24, 49-58.

Scott, E. L, Agresti, A. A., & Fitchett, G. (1998). Factor analysis of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale and its clinical utility with psychiatric inpatients. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 314-321.

Other

Lewis, T.T., Yang, F.M., Jacobs, E.A., Fitchett, G. (2012). Racial/ethnic differences in responses to the everyday discrimination scale: a differential item functioning analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology. 175(5):391-401.

(back to top)
 

 

 

 


Rush Medical College | College of Nursing | Graduate College | College of Health Sciences | Library | GME
CME | Calendar of Events | Web Privacy Statement | Accessibility Statement | Students with Disabilities | Site Map
Students | Faculty | Researchers | Alumni | Residents & Fellows

© Rush University, Chicago, Illinois